Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a combination of mood, emotional, physical and behavioral disturbances that a woman experiences a few days before their periods. This is a sign that your period is on the way.
Physical symptoms of PMS- bloating, stomach cramps, tender or swollen breasts, back pain, changes in appetite, hives, sleeping more or less than usual, headache, sensitivity to light or sound, dry, sticky or vaginal discharge.
Emotional symptoms of PMS- Irritability, anxiety, fatigue, food cravings, difficulty concentrating, feelings of sadness or apathy, crying spells or outbursts of anger, low sex drive.
Does everyone get PMS?
PMS does not affect everyone equally. Some woman’s have periods without PMS or with only a few mild symptoms, while others experience severe symptoms that interfere with their daily activities. Severe PMS is known as premenstrual Dysphoric disorder (PMDD).
PMS cannot be prevented or avoided.
You can take few steps to control your symptoms.
- Drinking plenty of fluids to reduce abdominal bloating
- Eating a balanced diet to improve your overall health and energy level, which means eating lots of fruits and vegetables and reducing your intake of sugar, salt, caffeine, and alcohol. Taking dietary supplements such as vitamin B-6, calcium and magnesium to reduce cramps and mood swings.
- Taking Vitamin D to Ease Symptoms
- Sleep at least eight hours a night to reduce fatigue
- Exercising to reduce inflammation and improve your mental health
- Emotional support from family and friends
- Reduce Smoking
- Reduce Alcohol Intake
- Specialized doses of vitamins and mineral supplements.
What is the treatment?
- The treatment is based on the intensity of symptoms experienced.
- In case with mild to moderate intensity of symptoms- natural methods is advocated.
Natural methods are (Exercising, Reading Favorite books, spending time with family)
- In cases with moderate to severe intensity- natural methods plus medications.
- In extremely severe intensity -medications and sometimes hospitalization is required.
You can buy medicines to help with the symptoms of PMS. These medicine usually combine aspirin or acetaminophen with caffeine, antihistamines, or diuretics. Some brand names include Midol, Pamprin, and Premsyn PMS.
Some over-the-counter pain relievers can also help. These include ibuprofen (brand names: Advil, Motrin, Nuprin), ketoprofen (brand names: Orudis KT), and naproxen (brand names: Aleve).
These medicines can work well for mild or moderate PMS. Talk to your doctor before you try one of these medicines.